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Social Networking - tags/folksonomy - RSS/aggregation

Bee, this START is ready for your input teslej2007june
Thank you for ordering my sources and reviewing some of them. Easier for people to find what they need (Bee)

Feel free to go at it. Please note that I made changed on June 9, in case you were working offline.
I have a copy here http://www.homestead.com/prosites-vstevens/files/efi/papers/tesol/ppot/2007/basque2.htm

Some basics



http://www.educause.edu/content.asp?page_id=645&PARENT_ID=794&bhcp=1 -
This Educause page on Folksonomies links to 13 resources
  1. Web 2.0: A New Wave of Innovation for Teaching and Learning? (2006) by Bryan Alexander, EDUCAUSE
  2. Social Computing: Lifestyle Becomes a Workstyle (2006) by Mike Gotta, Burton Group, ECAR
  3. Trends in Social Software (2006) by Mike Gotta, with Peter O’Kelly, ECAR, Burton Group, Burton Group
  4. What open access research can do for Wikipedia (2007) by John Willinsky, First Monday
  5. The IT Manager's Guide to Social Computing (2006) by David Tebbutt, The Register
  6. Folksonomies: Tidying up Tags? (2006) by Marieke Guy and Emma Tonkin, Corporation for National Research
  7. Social Bookmarking Tools (I) (2005) by Tony Hammond, Timo Hannay, Ben Lund and Joanna Scott, Corporation for National Research Initiatives, D-Lib Magazine
  8. Social Bookmarking Tools (II) (2005) by Ben Lund, Tony Hammond, Martin Flack and Timo Hannay, Corporation for National Research Initiatives, D-Lib Magazine
  9. Folksonomies - Cooperative Classification and Communication Through Shared Metadata (2004) by Adam Mathes, www.adammathes.comwww.adammathes.com
  10. Web2.0 and Folksonomies: Power to the People (2006) by James Phelps, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  11. The Hive Mind: Folksonomies and User-Based Tagging (2005) by Ellyssa Kroski, InfoTangle
  12. Emergent i18n effects in folksonomies (2005) by Peter Van Dijck, Peter Van Dijck's Guide to Ease
  13. Off the Top Folksonomy Entries (2005) by Thomas Vander Wal, vanderwal.net

http://www.commun-it.org/wiki/index.php/Folksonomy_and_Tagging - Defines the terms simply and explains advantages (efficient and effective community built organizational dbase) and disadvantages (misspelled orphaned tags); from the commun-IT.org wiki (Bringing educators together through technology)

http://www.adammathes.com/academic/computer-mediated-communication/folksonomies.html -
Mathes, Adam. (2004). Folksonomies - Cooperative Classification and Communication Through Shared Metadata. Paper prepared for Computer Mediated Communication - LIS590CMC, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois Urbana-‍Champaign
This paper describes use of tags in del.icio.us and flickr and shows how the tags develop into a folksonomy. From the article's conclusion: "A folksonomy represents simultaneously some of the best and worst in the organization of information. Its uncontrolled nature is fundamentally chaotic, suffers from problems of imprecision and ambiguity that well developed controlled vocabularies and name authorities effectively ameliorate. Conversely, systems employing free-‍form tagging that are encouraging users to organize information in their own ways are supremely responsive to user needs and vocabularies, and involve the users of information actively in the organizational system."

RSS and Aggregation

Ammann, Rudolf. (2005). Delicious and P2P-EFL-ESL-X. Referring to Adam Mathes's mention of one “unanticipated use” of tagging being “communication and ad-hoc group formation facilitated through metadata,” Amman shows how this principle is applied when tagging blog postings P2P-EFL-ESL-X. But first, he explains how del.icio.us organizes data non-hierarchically, as opposed to outlines, the Dewey Decimal System, and Windows folder/file systems (three examples given). He then explains how del.icio.us organizes on tags, and how this system can be used as an aggregation tool.

http://www.masternewmedia.org/news/2004/10/16/the_network_second_layer_rss.htm - This page is essentially a description, quoted from its developer, of Stephen Downes's Edu_RSS selected and filtered feed. Some of the links here (to scripts) don't work. However, if you pursue the link from here to Newsmastering you wind up here:

http://www.masternewmedia.org/2004/02/19/the_birth_of_the_newsmaster.htm and this is a very meaty characterization of Robin's successful attempt between 2004-2006 to learn about RSS and how aggregations of content can be filtered and channeled in the process he calls newsmastering. In his words "My ideal future RSS aggregator gives me the possibility of not only subscribing to as many selected feeds as I like, but it also allows me to pick out my preferred content by filtering out through sophisticated queries and inclusion/exclusion features what is not relevant to my interests. "

Robin showed me the other day a way to accomplish this using http://www.mysyndicaat.com and though the audio didn't come out I made screen shots of the event and created a slide show, posted here: http://show.zoho.com/public/vances/robingood-syndicaat-ppt


This site appears to answer some of our earlier questions. It explains two things (1) how tags are created in posts - they are sometimes called labels or categories, and gives code you can embed in your post to 'tag' it even if no such system is included with your blog software. (2) It explains how Technorati harvests the tags - "If your blog software is configured to ping Technorati, congratulations! You're done!" If not, it tells you what to do 1. manually ping technorati or 2. configure your blog software to do it. The second one links to http://technorati.com/developers/ping/. On this page it shows how different blog systems can be set up so that blog posts are public and therefore picked up by Technorati.

Tag literacy:
Mejias, Ulises. (2005). Tag Literacy.
This article has two parts. The first looks at how the code of DCSs (distributed classification systems) "frame social activity in the process of aggregating individual tagging choices into collective information; in short, how the code shapes social action. At the same time, I also explore the implications of relegating the organization of some social functions to the code." The second part examines "some of the linguistic properties of tags, their role in an attention economy, and outline a set of guidelines for generating tags in ways that maximize the social usefulness of tags. Tag literacy in this sense refers to the 'etiquette' of generating tags in a way that increases their social value, balancing individual needs with the needs of the group." This part is where the bookmark goes and it covers Tag Literacy v1.0:
What are distributed classification systems (DCSs)?
What do tags signify?
What makes a good tag?
What is the social value of tags?
How do I find things using tags? http://ideant.typepad.com/ideant/2005/04/tag_literacy.html#q5

Whereas the last section might appear of most practical use, as can be seen from following the link, it is a scant three bullet points. However, from the comments to this posting, I found FreshTags http://ghill.customer.netspace.net.au/freshtags/index.html which strikes me as being very interesting. It provides code (here: http://ghill.customer.netspace.net.au/freshtags/build.html) which you put into any blog or web page:

Pages with FreshTags provide navigation to other content that is likely to be of interest to the reader. It is based on the social bookmarking web application del.icio.us and ... the reader selects from a list of tags to determine their interests. This way, readers are more likely to see what they want and so stay on your site.
How Is It Used?
... Tagging your posts with a tool like del.icio.us allows readers to navigate by topic. But with FreshTags, the integration happens "on the fly" and on your page. FreshTags works with a range of blogging platforms, such as Blogger and WordPress, and many other content management systems that supports JavaScript. Since it works with HTML, you can even add it to your homepage!

Vicki Davis, k12wiki: Tagging to help Teachers
This article, directed at teachers, defines tagging and folksonomy and then covers benefits of tagging in general, to educators in particular, and links to practical examples of how teachers have been using tagging. The article then discusses tagging standards, and concludes with links to half a dozen websites using tags: del.icio.us , My Web, Technorati, Flickr, YouTube, and Library Thing

Krebs, Valdis. (2007). Social Network Analysis, A Brief Introduction
Social network analysis [SNA] is the mapping and measuring of relationships and flows between information/knowledge processing entities in a network. The considerations are:
  • Degree Centrality (the number of direct connections a node has)
  • Betweenness Centrality (power from position in a network)
  • Closeness Centrality (visibility and speed of connection in a network)
  • Network Centralization (degree of importance of each node, with low centralization increasing resilience of network in event of damage to any one node)
  • Network Reach (fewest possible hops required to reach other nodes)
  • Boundary Spanners (bridging connections to other clusters or concurrent membership in overlapping groups; some of whom might be Peripheral Players (might have their own network outside of the company))

Barbara (Bee) Dieu, Patricia Glogowski, Graham Stanley, Nick Noakes, and Scott Lockman (moderators)
Webpublishing in Open Participatory Environments, an EVO session January 15th to February 25th 2007
It deals with all these topícs and also offers screenshots and tutorials.

a wiki by stds - check it out http://schools-wikipedia.org/wp/index/subject.htm
I'm not sure if this is actually BY students. It seems to me to be a project of Wikipedia FOR students ?? yea?: http://schools-wikipedia.org/index.htm